الله الر حمن
ونصلى على رسو
What is the best method of performing good deeds and
abstaining from all the prohibitions of Sharee’ah?
For the abstention from the prohibition of the
Sharee’ah, one should excessively recite this daily,
با لله العلى
with great devotion, engage oneself in the Zikr of Nafi-Wa- Ith’baat
to awaken the lazy sleeping heart. Furthermore,
it is most beneficial to recite daily, morning and evening, Sura Falaq and Sura
Besides the 2 Raka’ah Sunnah and the 2 Raka’ah
Fardh of Fajr; 4 Fardh and 2 and 2 Sunnah of Zohr; 4 Fardh of Asr; 3 Fardh and 2
Sunnah of Maghrib; 4 Fardh 2 Sunnah and 3 Witr of Esha.
That I perform, are there any other Salaah besides the five prescribed
times to be read and what are they?
Always be punctual in your fives times daily Faraa’id
and Sunnah. If times permits,
perform 4 Raka’ah with one Salaam after Zawaal and before Zohr Salaah.
It is also Mustahab (preferable) to perform 4 Raka’ah before the Asr
Salaah and Salaatul Awwabeen between Maghrib and Esha Salaah. This Salaah
consists of either 6 Raka’ah or 20 Raka’ah.
Another excellent Salaah is that of Ishraak, which is read 20 minutes
after sunrise till Zawaal. This Salaah consists of 4 Raka’ah. Also Salaatul Tahajjud performed after midnight until
Subh-o-Saadiq (dawn). This Salaah
is read like Taraweeh with an option of 2 Raka’ah, and Tasbeeh after every 4
TO BE READ AFTER EVERY SALAAH
What Tasbeeh or Wazaa’if are read after the 5 daily
After Fajr Salaah read 100 times:
time permits after Zohr, then read 55 times:
لله ولا اله
الله اكبر ولا
حول ولا فوة
And if time is short, them read it 50 times. Read Tasbeeh-e-Fathima after Asr (33 times Alhamdulillah, 33 times Subhaan-Allah, and 34 times Allahu Akbar). After Maghrib Salaah, recite Kalima Tamjeed 500 times and finally after Esha Salaah, recite Darood Shareef 100 times, facing Madina Munawwara, imagining that you are in the presence of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah r.
(Trans. Note) Recite Darood-e-Ibrahim, as this is an excellent Darood Shareef and very often prescribed in the Hadith Shareef.
Questions: What Quraanic Manajaat (supplication) is to be read?
Answer: The Noble Masha’ikh and Awlia state that all ayahs commencing with “Rabbana” are Manajaat (supplication). They should be read day and night.
Question: What can you prescribe for Af’wo Jara’im (forgiveness of sins) and Aaqibit bil Khair (death with Emaan)?
Answer: Excessive Istighfaar (Touba) helps in forgiveness of sins and Aaqibit bil Khair. The recitation of Ayatul Qursi and the Zikr of Kalima Tayyaba daily after every Salaah is most effective.
Question: What is read for the protection of Azaab (punishment) in the grave?
Answer: Recite Sura Mulk (29 para) and Sura Hameem Sajdah daily after Esha Salaah. It has the same benefits.
Question: How does one guard oneself from the disastrous lust of the Nafs (desire) and interference of Shaytaan, the cursed?
Answer: Make it a good habit of reading:
Excessively at all times with 11 times Sura Falaq and Sura Naas after every Fajr and Maghrib Salaah.
Question: Besides the fasts of Ramadaan, in which other months must one observe fast?
Answer: Besides Ramadaan-ul-Mubaarak, the 9th of Zil Hajj is very virtuous. It is said that this one-day fast washes away two years of sins. The fast of Yaumal Ashurah (10th Muharram) also has a very great benefit. It washes away one whole year of sins. Besides these two fasts, it is Sunnah to observe fast on the 13th, 14th, and 15th of every Lunar month. These are known as fasts of Ayaam-e-Baydh (day of Whiteness). Fasting in the first or last days of every month is Mustahab (preferable). Likewise, it is excellent to habitually fast on a Monday and Thursday. The fast of the 15th Shabaan (Shabb-e-Baraat); six days after Eid-ul-Fitr; the first nine days of Zil Hijjah are certainly of great virtue. Besides these fasts, keep as much fasts as possible, because there is nothing but benefits and Thawaab (rewards) for them.
OF DAROOD SHAREEF AND ISTIGHFAAR
Question: Please enlighten me about the constant recitation of Darood Shareef and Istighfaar?
Answer: If possible every night before sleeping, or on the eve of a Friday (i.e. Thursday night, since the Islamic date changes after Maghrib Salaah), recite 100 times, the following Darood Shareef:
صل على سيدنا
الامّىّ و آ له
وبا رك وسلم*
and if Almighty Allah Y Toufeeq is with you then recite Sayyidul
Istighfaar as your daily practice before you sleep.
Sayyidul Istighfaar is recited as follows:
الله الر حمن
الر حيم اللهمّ
انت ربى لااله
خلقتنى وا نا
عبدك وانا على
عهدك ووعدك ما
ذنوبى فا نّه
اغفر كلّ مؤمن
و مؤمنة *
Question: What is the Adab (ethics) of reciting the Quraan Shareef?
Answer: As much as possible, try to face the Qibla when reciting the Quraan Shareef. Pronounce every Huroof (alphabet) correctly with Tajweed. Pay special attention to the Madd, Tashdeed, Fatah, Kasra, and Dammah (Zabar, Zer, and Pesh). Observe all the Waqfa (stops). These are a few of the external ethics (Zaahir).
The Baatin (inner) codes are also of paramount importance. Firstly, the (junior) reciter must imagine that he is in the presence of Almighty Allah Y and that Almighty Allah Y is listening to his recital from a very high pedestal. For the more senior and advanced reciter, he must think that whatever is being read it is conveyed directly from Almighty Allah Y.
Question: How can one save oneself from the terrible pains and hardships of Sakaraat (Na’kuni- time of death)?
Answer: Make it a habit to recite Ayatul Qursi and Sura Iklaas daily to lessen the hardship of Sakaraat. Sura Mulk recited daily before going to bed is for security and freedom from punishment of the grave. Sura Dukhaan is also prescribed for the same purpose.
Question: Can you advice or suggest of any method whereby one can build courage and confidence to answer the questions posed to him or her in the grave by Munkar and Nakeer (the Angels of death)?
Answer: Let this answer be on one’s lips at all times, and also write and keep it with you (in the form of a Taweez):
الله و اشهد
وبا لكعبة قبلةً
وبالمو منين اخوانا
الله عليهم مر
رسول الله على
نحي و عليها
نموت و عليها
نبعث ان شآ
Should one keep the Shajrah in the grave or not?
If one should do so, then what is the correct procedure to adopt?
To keep the Shajrah in the grave is an old practice of the Awlia and the
Masha’ikh. There are two methods
of doing this. The first method is
to keep it on the Kaffan or on the chest of
the deceased. But the honourable
and learned Fuqaha (Jurist) has objected to this, because at times the body
bleeds and discharges impurities that will soil the Shajrah. This will be gross disrespect to the names of the Masha’ikh
printed or written therein. The
second method is safe and recommended, that a recess be dug on the head side of
the grave and the Shajrah Shareef be placed in it.
What must be done if there
are signs of assurity that a sick person will die in a few days time?
Answer: When such signs are visible, then the family should give Ghousal to the
patient. If this is not possible,
then Wudu should be given. If this
is also difficult, then perform Tayammum for him or her. Lay the sick on the bed in a manner, that his or her face is
facing towards the Qibla and sprinkle some attar on or around him.
Do not discuss any worldly matters in his or her presence. Do not express
grief or cry. Request all those who
are very beloved or close to the patient (e.g. husband, wife, sons, daughters,
etc) to avoid sitting in his or her presence.
However, if the sick call for them then they should present themselves,
but not for long periods. Recite
Kalima Shareef aloud in front of him or her, so that he or she may repeat after
you. Never order or command the sick to do so (read the Kalima) as
they may refuse to do so in their state of unconsciousness and due to the effect
of hardship (of Sakaraat). This may
result in the person leaving the world without Emaan (Allah forbid!).
Avoid discussing the hardships of death and the grave with him or in his
presence. Instead, speak of the
infinite Mercies and bounties of Almighty Allah Y.
Speak of the Shafa’at (intercession) of Sayyiduna Rasoolullah r and of the pious and Noble Awlia Allah. Wholeheartedly, accept all instructions and wasiyat made by
the dying person in these crucial moments and give him or her the assurity that
they will be fulfilled. Recite Sura
Yaseen, Sura Fateha, Sura Ikhlaas and other verses of the Holy Quraan loudly in
his presence. Keep him or her as
comfortable and relaxed as possible.
What is the correct method of performing the following Salaah: Salaatul
Istisqah (rain), Salaatul Kusoof (eclipse of the sun) and Salaatul Khusoof
(eclipse of the moon) and the Salaah of Ashura?
The method of performing Salaatul Istisqa is that the head (leader) of
the village or city should lead all the Muslim to the Eid Gaah or open field for
three days in succession. It is
recommended to wear old clothes and walk barefooted towards the Eid Gaah as a
sign of humility. Do not express
any signs of happiness as done in Eid Celebrations. The barefooted journey to the Eid Gaah must be with great
simplicity and humility. At the Eid
Gaah or field, the Imam will lead 2 Raka’ah Salaah with loud Qiraat.
Then he will read the Khutba by invoking the Merciful names of Almighty
and beg for pardon of the sins of the people.
While the Dua is being read, the Imam will constantly move his head to
the right, left, top bottom. This
is the Dua taught in the Hadith Shareef:
اسقِ عبا دك و
بهائمك و النشر
رحمتك احى بلد
ك الميّت *
The eclipse (solar) Salaah consists of 2 Raka’ah. The Imam will lead the congregation with silent Qiraat. It is best to recite as much Quraan as possible in both Raka’ah. Thereafter, engage in Dua and Istighfaar until the eclipse is over.
Pertaining to Ashura Salaah, the
Noble Masha’ikh have prescribed 2 Raka’ah Nafil after the sun has risen
(approximately one to two hours after sunrise). In the first Rakaat, after Sura Fateha, recite Ayatul Qursi.
In the second Raka’ah after Sura Fateha, recite the last Ayahs of Sura
Hasher. After the Salaam, recite
Darood Shareef as much as possible. Other
Mashaa’ikh prescribe 6 Raka’ah by reading after Sura Fateha, Sura Wash Shams
in the first Rakaat, Sura Inna Anzalna in the second, Sura Falaq in the fifth
and Sura Naas in the sixth Rakaat. After
the termination of the Salaah, go into Sajdah (prostration) and pray to Allah Y
for the fulfillment of your legitimate needs.
Question: How does one go about obtaining Halaal Rizk (sustenance) nowadays?
Answer: At all times, there are 4 basic ways of obtaining Halaal Rizk, which are as follows:
1. Employment service with a condition where you may not be an accessory to Kufr and oppression. This also includes any Haraam or forbidden transaction.
2. Farming on condition that no worker is unjustly deprived of his or her rights and all transactions to be in accordance with the laws of the Sharee’ah.
3. Trade and Commerce: here too, only those commodities of trade that are not contradictory to the Sharee’ah. Correct weights and amounts must be considered strictly.
4. Work of Art and Craft: this too hinges on honesty.
Question: Kindly explain the correct method of visiting the grave?
Answer: When you visit the general Muslim grave yard, then greet the dwellers of the grave in the Sunnah method:
Approach the grave from the leg-side and face the grave at the chest with your back facing the Qibla. Recite Sura Fateha once and Sura Ikhlaas three times. Then, make Dua for the deceased. When visiting the grave of a Wali, then approach the grave as if you would approach him when he was physically alive. Exercise great respect and humility and approach from the feet-side. Reach to the Wali’s chest position and sit down in the Attahiyat position, that is, face to face. Here, the following should be recited 21 times:
This is read in a Zikr pattern by striking the (Darb) on the ear. Thereafter, recite Sura Inna Anzalna thrice and divert the heart from all thoughts and images. Now, engage in deep mediation, imagining that your heart and the heart of the Wali are together. If this stage is achieved, then Isha-Allah, you will achieve the Barakaah of the Wali entering your heart.
OF THE AWLIA
Question: How does one establish whether any grave is that of a Wali or ordinary Muslim or not, and if it is known that a Wali lies there, then how is one to achieve benefits from him?
Answer: Some Mazaars are well known and it is certain that they are of Awlia. Hence, this procedure is to be adopted when visiting them: Go to the head-side of the Mazaar and place the Shahadah finger on the grave. Recite the beginning of Sura Baqarah till Muflihoon. Then go to the leg-side of the Mazaar and placing the Shahadah finger on the grave recite Amanar Rasoolu till the end of the Sura. Thereafter, say the words: “O Noble Wali! I plead in the Divine court of Almighty Allah Y for the fulfillment of my desires. I humbly request of you to please make Dua for me to Allah Y, to grant my desires”. Then face the Qibla and present your case to the Merciful Allah Y.
If you pass by any unknown grave, and if you doubt whether it is that of a Wali or not, then this is what you should do: present yourself at the grave and offer Fateha. Recite the normal Sura, Darood Shareef and Zikr (already mentioned in the previous question). Thereafter, sit at the chest of the grave in Muraqqibah (meditation). While in Muraqqibah, if you feel tranquility and spiritual happiness then it is certain that the grave is that of a pure and relaxed soul. It is always wise and advisable to seek spiritual bliss and blessings from known and famous Mazaars of Awlia, rather than unknown graves.
Question: What is the method of making Istikhaara?
Answer: The easiest procedure of Istikhaara is as follows: perform Esha Salaah with fresh wudhu. Recite Darood Shareef 11 times with absolute concentration and devotion. Then, recite the Tasmiah (Bismillah) 100 times followed by Sura Alam Nashrah 70 times. Terminate this procedure with 11 Darood Shareef. Now, blow on the palms of your hand and rub them on your face. After completing the above-mentioned actions, make the following Dua in the Bargaah of Almighty Allah: “O Allah! I seek your command in whatever I intend doing. Please inform me of your decision in my dream or through any other secret sign, whether I should proceed or not”. After the Dua read this Darood Shareef 100 times:
Question: Can you prescribe some Dua’s to ease or eradicate the hardships of the Duniya (world)?
Answer: Dua-e-Karb is most effective for this purpose. Read it when and how you desire. This is Dua-e-Karb:
also have its unique powers. This is read 1200 times with Darood Shareef 100 times at the beginning and 100 times at the end. This can be read individually or collectively.
Question: What can you advise me for the protection of ones integrity (Izzat) and honour (Aabro)?
Answer: Read Ya Azeezu 41 times after Fajr Salaah and blow on your face. Do the same before visiting any officer or magistrate. Try to engrave this Glorious Name on a piece of silver and use it in a ring in place of a stone. The engraving has to be done very carefully as noted below, in the form of a Taweez:
ring them to be worn on a finger of the right hand, when visiting an officer or
courtroom. It must be kept on the
finger till the case or meeting concludes.
OF OBTAINING BARAKAAH
Please prescribe something for Barakaah in sustenance?
Make it a habit of performing 4 Raka’ah of Chasht
Salaah. After the Salaam, go into
Sajdah and read: Ya Wahaab (100 times). If
time does not permit, then read it 50 times.
Recitation of Sura Khaaf on Friday is very effective and proven for
Barakaah in Rizk. Besides these,
recite Sura Waaqih’ah daily after Maghrib and Esha Salaah.
It has great benefit. There
are many other Wazaa’if for Barakaah in Rizk.
One is the deliberation of Ya Mughni.
This is read 100 times after Fajr Salaah daily and if time permits, then
1000 times. The other way is to
recite Sura Muzzammil 21 times daily after Esha Salaah.
If 21 are not possible, then recite it 7 times, and if this too is still
difficult, then recite at least once. When
you reach the ayah:
لااله الاّ هو
فا تخذه وكيلا
واعو ذ بك من
بحلا لك عن
read 25 times
الله و نعم
thereafter complete the Sura.
Please teach me some Wazaa’if to read so that I may
be freed from the clutches of debts and credits?
Recite this Dua 3 times daily after every Salaah:
واعو ذ بك من
اكفنى بحلا لك
AGAINST ALL CALAMITIES, OMENS, ETC.
What is read to protect oneself from all calamities,
bad omen and undesirables of the world?
Answer: Read the following 33 ayahs daily after the evening Salaah:
of Sura Baqara from beginning till مفلحون
3 Ayahs of Ayatul Qursi from beginning till خالدون
3Ayahs of Sura Baqara from لله ما فى
till the end of the Sura.
of Sura Al Ah’raaf from ان ربكم
2 Ayahs of Sura Bani Isra’eel from
to the end of the Sura.
of Sura Was’Saaft from the beginning to لازب
of Sura Rahmaan from يا معشرا
لجن to فلا
Ayahs of Sura Hasher from لوانز نا
till end of Sura.
of Sura Jinn from قل
you have any difficulty in finding time to read the above mentioned Ayahs, them
read Ayatul Qursi 10 times and Ya Hafeezu 2 000 times in the morning.
Hizbul Bahr is also excellent Dua for this purpose.
FROM TYRANNY AND OPPRESSION
How can one protect oneself from the tyranny and
oppression of the ruler (governor) and what is done to subdue him?
When you intend to go in the presence of such a ruler
or officer, then read 17 times:
رحمن كلّ شئ را
حمه يا رحمن
blow on your face. Furthermore,
before leaving home, sit in one place, facing the house or office of the officer
200 time with Darood Shareef and make Dua to Allah Y to subdue him with kindness. Thereafter, you may visit him. The amal of Ya Azeezu is also very potent for this cause which has been mentioned previously.
Question: Sometimes, while sleeping, some weird thing are experienced that create a tremendous amount of fear in ones heart. What can be done in this condition?
Answer: Before sleeping, recite Sura Falaq, Sura Naas and Ayatul Qursi once blow on your chest. It this does not help, then read:
3 times, and blow on the entire
body. Also read this Dua before sleeping:
با سمك الّلهمّ وضعت جنبى وبك ارفعه ان شآ ء الله تعالى احفظنى من نو مى جنبى بما تحفط به عبا دك الصّا لحين و اعوذبك من همزات الشّيا طين وان يّحضرون *
What is read before commencing on a journey?
When you intend travelling and have done the necessary arrangements,
perform 2 Raka’ah Nafil and read the following Dua:
After reciting the above mentioned Dua, use the Shahadah finger of the right hand and circle all around your family, belongings and home while reading this Dua:
After reading this Hisaar clap
your hands (Dastak) three times and commence your journey.
When you sit in your vehicle look at your self and say “ بسم
الله الر حمن
If you suspect an encounter or any trouble during your journey, then read
Ya Hafeezu 998 times, and blow on your belongings and yourself.
Also recite Sura Quraish as many times as possible on the journey.
What is to be read as protection from your enemies?
The following Dua is read for the protection from evil of enemies:
There are no limits or time or condition of Wadu to read this Dua. While reading, visualize your enemy in your heart and imagine that you are throwing a stone at his chest. Besides the above-mentioned Dua, Sura Lahab and Sura Feel have been said to have the same impact.
Question: What is the meaning of Hasab-o-Nasab and Sharaafat-o-Najaabat?
Answer: Hasab is that family integrity and honour that has manifested in 7 generations respectfully, e.g. a person whose seven generations were kings or high ranking officials of kingdoms, or whose 7 generations were Masha’ikh, Awlia and Ulema.
Nasab is the families excellence that has never changed for generations, e.g. descendents of Sayyiduna Imam Hassan t or Imam Hussein t, a Sayyid, a Hashmite, a Quraish, Ibraahimi, or Farooqi etc.
Some people have Hasab but no Nasab e.g. Taymooriya or Mogul (king and kingdoms), Rajppot family, physicians, descendents of Imam Abu Hanifa t, etc. Some people have Nasab but no Hasab, a Sayyid whose 4 generations before him had no Masha’ikh, Ulema or King etc. Generally Sharaafat-o-Najaabat (Nobility and Integrity) refers to the prestige or status of Nasab.
N.B. Hadrat Sayyid Ishaaq Hassan Sha’rar Mahrerwi recorded the above dialogue ton Sunday 24th Shawwal-al-Muharram 1304 coinciding with 17th July 1887.
A person who is mean to part with his wealth is always first and quick in giving his honour and respect (Izzat). Sayyiduna Ali-Al-Murtudah t.
When your sustenance narrows and decreases repent (Istigfaar) to Allah Y and read your Kalima, Allah Y will increase His bounties and sustenance for you. Sayyiduna Ali Al-Murtudah t.
One who exercises love and affection for his brother today will enjoy its
rewards tomorrow. Sayyiduna
Imam Hussein t.
Value nobleness and excellence and hasten to achieve them.
Sayyiduna Imam Hussein
No virtue is greater than piety and silence, and no enemy is greater than ignorance, and no sickness is greater than lies. Sayyiduna Imam Jaffar As-Saadiq t.
Always abstain from the company of 5 people: -
1. A liar who always keeps you in doubt.
2. An idiot who will try and do good for you that will turn out to be disastrous.
3. A miser who, for his personal insignificant gain, will put you into great problems.
4. A coward who will leave you in the lurch at the time of crisis.
5. An evil doer or sinner who will betray you for a morsel and accept a much less reward. Sayyiduna Imam Jaffar As-Saadiq t.
A true believer (Mo’min) will never be unfaithful, treacherous or a liar. Sayyiduna Imam Moosa Kaazim t.
Conceal hardship because you can achieve closeness to Allah Y by it. Sayyiduna Shiekh Sayyid Abdul Qaadir Jilaani t.
Worldly people run behind the Duniya while the Duniya runs behind those who seek
Allah Y. Sayyiduna Shiekh Sayyid Abdul Qaadir Jilaani t.
To seek Paradise without good practice (amal) is a sin, to wait for
intercession (Shafa’at) without practicing Sunnah is a type of pride, and
depending on Allah Mercy by malpractice (disobedience) is ignorance and
stupidity. Sayyiduna Shiekh
Maroof Karkhi t.
Guard your tongue from self-praise as you guard it from sin. Sayyiduna
Shiekh Maroof Karkhi t.
A person can never become perfect until he does not give preference to
Deen (religion) over his personal desires.
Sayyiduna Shiekh Sirri Saqti t.
One who cannot discipline ones self-can never disciplines others.
Sayyiduna Shiekh Sirri Saqti t.
A Sufi is like the earth even if impurities are thrown on it, will flourish with lush greenery.
Sayyiduna Shiekh Abul Qaasim Junaid Al-Baghdadi t.
An Arif (mystic) is he who at times can not defend himself against a meek mosquito, but at times can carry the seven skies and earth’s with the tip of his eyebrow and throws them aside.
Hadrat Shiekh Jaffar Abubaker Shibli t.
Always speak softly and lovingly with the creation of Allah.
Sayyiduna Shiekh Barkatullah Husaini Al-Qaadiri t.
Never ever go to the home of those who pass their time in play and
amusement. Sayyiduna Shiekh
Barkatullah Husaini Al-Qaadiri t.
Never make an unclear or controversial statement that can be
misinterpreted thus leading to embarrassment and problems.
Sayyiduna Sha Ale’Ahmed Ache-Mia Husaini Al-Qaadiri
Always suppress your Nafs and keep it quiet from talking and exposing
secrets of the bounties and transactions between yourself and Allah, and
whatever Ibadah or worship you do of Allah Y must remain a top secret.
Sayyiduna Sha Ale’Ahmad Ache Mia Husaini Al-Qaadiri t.